Photometry of WZ Sge at RIT Observatory: July 31, 2001 UT

On the night of July 31, 2001 UT, Michael Richmond used the RIT Observatory's 10-inch Meade LX200 telescope to monitor WZ Sge. Stacey Davis and Susan Brown visited in the early evening to help. All exposures were taken without the focal reducer, through a V-band filter, onto an SBIG ST-8 CCD camera. Each exposure was 10 seconds long. Due to the design of the SBIG software, the time of each exposure is accurate only to +/- 1 second. The field of view was about 17 by 12 arcminutes; a typical example is shown below:

We subtracted dark current from the images and divided by a median twilight sky flatfield. We ran software to detect all stars more than 4 sigma above the sky, then measured the light from each star within a circular aperture of radius 8.8 arcseconds.

The weather wasn't bad, but it wasn't great. The air was hazy, so that the horizons to the north and east were bright. Isolated small clouds passed through once or twice during the night, and then many arrived just before dawn.

We worked from sunset to sunrise, gathering 1153 images of the field. We fed all raw instrumental magnitudes of 136 stars on those images into a program which implemented Honeycutt's inhomogeneous ensemble photometry technique. The solution gave most weight to the bright stars "A" and "B" (marked above). The standard deviation from the mean magnitudes in the solution are shown below, as a function of differential magnitude.

The solution placed the mean magnitude of star "A" = GSC 1612.1830 = HD 191083 at zero, and star "B" = HD 351517 at 0.988. The scatter for these bright stars was:

       star   mean      stdev
         A    0.0       0.007  
         B    0.988     0.016 

We used star "B" as a check star to detect errors due to clouds or poor images (which clearly were present in the entire night's run). We discarded any image in which star "B" differed from its mean magnitude by more than +/- 3 times its standard deviation.

The final result is 1104 measurements of WZ Sge over a span of seven and a half hours. Here is the light curve:

You can download an ASCII text file with the measurements:

The file has some comments at the top, followed by data lines with 4 numbers per line, like this:

        Jul_27.06510     2117.56510   2117.56977   0.046 
The columns are:
  1. UT day
  2. Julian Date - 2,450,000
  3. Heliocentric Julian Date - 2,450,000
  4. differential V-band magnitude of WZ Sge (relative to star "A" = HD 191083)

Eclipsing binary star "U"

The star marked U in the chart above is at
        RA  =  20:07:55.40
        Dec = +17:31:17.4

During the course of our run on WZ Sge, we found that this star also varied, with a period of about 9 hours and an amplitude in V-band of 0.6 mag peak-to-peak:

Last modified 8/22/2001 by MWR.