On the night of August 6, 2001 UT, Michael Richmond used the RIT Observatory's 10-inch Meade LX200 telescope to monitor WZ Sge. All exposures were taken without the focal reducer, through a B-band filter, onto an SBIG ST-8 CCD camera. Each exposure was 20 seconds long. Due to the design of the SBIG software, the time of each exposure is accurate only to +/- 1 second. The field of view was about 17 by 12 arcminutes; a typical example is shown below:
We subtracted dark current from the images and divided by a median twilight sky flatfield. We ran software to detect all stars more than 4 sigma above the sky, then measured the light from each star within a circular aperture of radius 8.8 arcseconds.
The night was not good. Banks of thin clouds passed overhead every hour or two, never staying for long, but interfering with the observations. The nearly full moon combined with the clouds and haze to make a very bright background.
We worked from sunset to sunrise, gathering over 800 images of the field. However, many were contaminated by clouds. We fed all raw instrumental magnitudes of 75 stars on those images into a program which implemented Honeycutt's inhomogeneous ensemble photometry technique. The solution gave most weight to the bright stars "A" and "B" (marked above). The standard deviation from the mean magnitudes in the solution are shown below, as a function of differential magnitude.
The solution placed the mean magnitude of star "A" = GSC 1612.1830 = HD 191083 at zero, and star "B" = HD 351517 at 1.663. The scatter for these bright stars was:
star mean stdev A 0.0 0.004 B 1.663 0.018
We used star "B" as a check star to detect errors due to clouds or poor images (which clearly were present in the entire night's run). We discarded any image in which star "B" differed from its mean magnitude by more than +/- 3 times its standard deviation.
The final result is 743 measurements of WZ Sge over a span of seven and a half hours. Here is the light curve:
Note the very sharp, narrow dips at minima at JD = 127.59, 127.71. As far as I can tell, these are real features of WZ Sge, not mistakes due to artifacts in the data.
You can download an ASCII text file with the measurements:
The file has some comments at the top, followed by data lines with 4 numbers per line, like this:
Jul_27.06510 2117.56510 2117.56977 0.046The columns are:
Last modified 8/22/2001 by MWR.